Work in Progress

Land use and Residential Patterns in a Small City During Industrialization: Uppsala 1880-1900

joint with Martin Söderhäll, Department of Economic History, Uppsala University. 

In the project we explore the dynamics of land use, residential patterns and class segregation in Uppsala during the late 19th century using georeferenced data at the level of individual housing blocks. A preliminary finding is that the expansion of business activity close to the transportation hubs pushed lower-class households further away from the central district. However, there was no increase in measured class segregation. In the future we intend to extend the analysis in time and to include more cities, allowing for a comparison across different economic and geographical contexts.

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Figure: Share of working class households by area in Uppsala, 1800 and 1900.

 

Wage Differentials and Industrialization in Sweden: Evidence from New Construction Worker Wages Data, 1850-1900

joint with Johan Ericsson, Department of History, Uppsala University. 

In this project we present new evidence on construction worker wages for nineteenth century Sweden. In addition to providing data for a sector where previously only scant material has existed, the dataset allows us to look at wages across geographical areas and several skill groups where no evidence has previously been available. A preliminary finding is that skill-differentials decreased in the early stages of industrialization and that urban-rural wage premiums remained mostly unchanged, suggesting that the Kuznets-hypothesis of increased inequality is not an apt characterization of the Swedish experience.

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Figure: Wage relative to Helper, 1850 to 1900.

Other Ongoing

  • How did Sweden become an equal economy? With new, detailed incomes data 1860-1970, with Erik Bengtsson and Svante Prado
  • Wages in 16th Century Sweden, with Christopher Pihl
  • Social Mobility over the Long-run, Evidence from the Recruitment of Priests, with Martin Söderhäll
  • Geographical Distribution of Economic Activity during Swedish Industrialization, 1880-1910